Pierre Elliott Trudeau
Born: October 18, 1919
Died: September 28, 2000
Place of Birth: Montreal, Quebec
Pierre Trudeau is credited for bringing the Constitution back to Canada from Great Britain.
Trudeau came from a wealthy family; his father was Quebecois and his mother was of Scottish descent.
As a youth Pierre Trudeau gained global knowledge and perspective as the family visited various places in the world.
Trudeau gained an education at several institutions and included a master's degree in Political Economy from Harvard University.
In 1965, he and two close friends, Jean Marchand and Gerard Pelletier, were invited to run for the Liberal party.
All three were elected and Trudeau was appointed Minister of Justice in the government of Prime Minister Lester Pearson.
Pearson resigned in 1968 and Pierre Trudeau made a successful effort to become leader of the party.
His campaign brought about the term "Trudeaumania" as Trudeau's image and personality made him an instant "star".
In 1969, his government brought in legislation that created an Act that made the federal government and its agencies officially bilingual.
He was faced in 1970 with a group known as the FLQ (Federation for the Liberation of Quebec) which was involved in bombings and kidnapping.
Trudeau successfully enforced the War Measurements Act as a means to combat the FLQ.
Pierre Trudeau remained an effective and respected voice even after he had resigned from politics.
For detailed research and more information, check out any of the following:
Pierre Trudeau Home Page
The Canadian Encyclopedia
Library and Archives Canada
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Last Updated: January 9, 2017
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